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Civil engineer

Civil engineers plan, design and manage a variety of construction projects.
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What does a civil engineer do?

Civil engineers plan, design and manage construction projects, from bridges and tall buildings to transport links.


What do I need to do to become a civil engineer?

To become a civil engineer you will need excellent maths and IT skills. You'll also need to be able to explain design ideas clearly and be well organised. Before you start in this job, you would normally need to complete a degree or postgraduate master's degree in civil engineering.​

You would normally need to do a three-year Bachelor of Engineering (BEng) degree or a four-year Master’s (MEng) degree in civil engineering. These qualifications are important if you want to work towards incorporated or chartered engineer status later on. You could study other engineering-related subjects, but it may take you longer to fully qualify.


Related skills

  • Analytics
  • Communication
  • Financial planning
  • IT
  • Leadership
  • Numeracy
  • Teamwork

Academic route

  • Five GCSEs (A*-C)
  • A levels, including maths and a science subject (normally physics)

Vocational route

Level 3 diploma in engineering

Related subjects

  • Maths
  • Physics

Essential qualifications

  • Bachelor of Engineering (BEng) degree
  • Master’s (MEng) degree in civil engineering

Where to find out more


Where could I be working?

You may find opportunities with local authorities, building contractors, power companies, environmental agencies and specialist consulting firms. You could also find employment overseas with British consulting or contracting firms that are working for foreign governments and for oil and mining companies. 


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