Welders cut, shape and join sections of metal plate and pipes in a wide range of industries.

What does a welder do?

Welders work in industries such as construction and engineering, transport, aerospace, and offshore oil and gas. The role may involve being responsible for:

  • selecting and laying out materials to be cut or joined
  • following engineering instructions and drawings
  • using the most suitable welding method for the job
  • inspecting and testing cuts and joins, using precision measuring instruments, such as a micrometer
  • operating semi-automatic spot-welding equipment (often found on high volume production lines, such as car manufacturing)
  • carrying out repairs on manufacturing equipment and machinery

What do I need to do to become a welder?

You will need to be able to understand technical plans and have good maths skills for working out measurements. 

You may be able to get into welding through an apprenticeship. Another option would be to take a welding course at college before applying for a job as a trainee welder.

Related skills

  • Ability to understand technical plans
  • Attention to detail
  • Numeracy
  • Problem solving

Academic route

  • Four GCSEs (A-C), in subjects such as maths, engineering, ICT, English or science

Vocational route

  • Level 1 award in introductory welding skills
  • Level 2 or 3 certificate in fabrication and welding practice
  • Level 2 certificate in welding skills
  • Level 2 certificate in engineering (options in welding)

Where to find out more

Where could I be working?

Welding knowledge and skills can be used in many industries. Examples include civil engineering, engineering construction, agricultural engineering, power, shipbuilding and repair, renewable energy, and oil and gas. You may also have the opportunity to work abroad on overseas construction projects.

Contains public sector information licensed under the Open Government Licence v3.0

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