Meteorologists analyse and forecast the weather.

What does a meteorologist do?

Meteorologists analyse and forecast the weather. You’ll need strong analytical skills and a good grasp of maths and computers to do this job. You could be producing forecasts and reports for the general public – through the radio or television, for the armed forces, for shipping, or for farmers and other agricultural workers. As a meteorologist, you could specialise in one of two main areas; forecasting or research.

In forecasting, you might:

  • collect data from satellite images, radar, remote sensors and weather stations all over the world
  • measure air pressure, wind speed, temperature and humidity
  • apply computer models and scientific principles to make short-range and long-range weather forecasts
  • supply weather data, bulletins and reports to customers

In research, you might:

  • investigate weather patterns and climate change
  • develop and improve computer forecasting models
  • apply research to practical problems, such as predicting floods or how the weather affects the spread of pollution or disease

In the UK, most forecasters have been trained by and work for the Met Office.

What do I need to do to become a meteorologist?

You’ll need a good (a first or upper second class) undergraduate degree in science, computer science, maths or meteorology. A postgraduate qualification in meteorology or climatology is also highly desirable.

Related skills

  • Analytics
  • IT
  • Numeracy
  • Problem solving

Related subjects

  • Chemistry
  • Geography
  • Maths

Essential qualifications

  • Undergraduate degree in science, computer science, maths, or meteorology

Desirable qualifications

  • Postgraduate degree in meteorology or climatology
  • A level maths
  • A level physics

Where to find out more

Where could I be working?

You will be working mostly indoors, for a medium-sized company.

Contains public sector information licensed under the Open Government Licence v3.0

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