Environmental and earth sciences

If your heroes are Greta Thunberg and David Attenborough, then environmental and earth sciences might be the right choice for you.

If you choose an environmental and earth sciences degree or apprenticeship, you'll explore how the earth and the environment have evolved and how they interact. Hands-on field work will equip you to tackle some of the biggest issues facing us in our lifetime: climate change, energy sources and carbon emissions. It's a growing area in which to build a career, as according to PwC's Green Jobs Barometer, there has been a 118.2% increase in green jobs advertised since 2021.

The impact you could make
  • Help find solutions to tackle climate change
  • Explore renewable energy sources to reduce reliance on the earth's natural resources
  • Play a part in local, national and global research and consultancy on environmental issues
What you could study
  • Geophysics
  • Oceanography
  • Geology
  • Volcanology
  • Geohazards
  • Climatology
  • Ecology and conservation

Study options

Options to study in this field include:

Example module
"My favourite module was forest ecology and management, where we learned to identify the UK’s most common trees and also learned the lifecycle of a tree."
Second year student at University of Nottingham
Example project
"My favourite project was a systematic literature review on the survivability of bacteria in outer space."
Second year student at Brunel University London

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Subjects it's useful to have studied first

Some environmental and earth sciences courses or apprenticeships will have requirements for previous qualifications in certain subjects. Entry requirements vary, so always check with the provider.
Hard skills you'll develop
  • Geographical data analysis
  • Field-work research
  • Lab data evaluation and reporting
  • Environmental compliance knowledge
Soft skills you'll develop
  • Communication and teamwork
  • Problem-solving
  • Project management
  • Writing and presentation skills

Careers: Where can it take you?

Find out more about your career prospects from studying environmental and earth science. 

The following information is based on a typical environment professional role. Data powered by Lightcast.

Available jobs
54,616 vacancies in the past year
4.39% growth over next eight years
Average salary
Up to £54,650

What is an... environmental horticulturalist?

You may never have heard of environmental horticulturists, but the work they do is key in supporting net-zero ambitions, whilst preserving and improving wildlife habitats and ecological systems. Ideal for those that are green-fingered and want to make a difference to the environment through tackling bio-diversity, improving air pollution, and helping towards mitigating climate change effects, environmental horticulturists are changing the world, one plant at a time.

Getting in: Entry requirements

Find out more about what you'll need to study environmental and earth sciences at university or as an apprenticeship.


Average requirements for undergraduate degrees

Entry requirements differ between university and course, but this should give you a guide to what is usually expected from environmental and earth sciences applicants.

A levels
Scottish Highers
Other Level 3/Level 6 qualifications (e.g. Pearson BTEC Level 3 National Extended Diploma or SQCF Level 6) may be accepted as an alternative

The expert view

The Institution of Environmental Sciences
Environmental science is based on the idea of 'interconnectedness' and systems thinking. We cannot hope to improve the environment if we do not combine talent and expertise from across all fields of science.

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Considering an apprenticeship?

Applying for an apprenticeship is just like applying for a normal job. Here’s what you need to know:
  1. Deadline

    Apprenticeships don't follow the same deadlines as applying to uni, the deadline is down to the employer.
  2. Where to apply

    You apply directly through the employer.
  3. No limits!

    You're not restricted to one apprenticeship application; you can do as many as you like.
  4. Apply to university and apprenticeships

    There's nothing stopping you applying to university through UCAS, while also applying for apprenticeship vacancies.

Let's talk about... science apprenticeships (Sponsored by Manchester Metropolitan University)

Explore further

Go deeper into topics around environmental and earth sciences with the following.
  1. BBC Earth Podcast

    The BBC Earth Podcast features fascinating and funny stories from around the natural world, told by global speakers, experts and campaigners.

  2. TED Talks - Earth, Appreciated

    Watch this inspirational playlist of TED Talks, featuring experts across sustainability, climate change, resources and the interaction between humans and our habitat.
  3. Keep up to date with the latest news

    You'll find all the latest news and research on the government's Environment Agency website.
77% of students
are highly likely to recommend environmental and earth sciences to others

Application advice

Whether it's personal statement tips or what to write in a cover letter for an apprenticeship application, our application advice will help you get ahead in your environmental and earth sciences journey.
Skills, experiences and interests to mention
  • Do you enjoy practical work and being outdoors? Maybe you did Duke of Edinburgh, or you like hiking at the weekends.
  • Have you got experience in lab work and experiments, perhaps at your school or college in science lessons?
  • Do you have a passion for the environment and can you give any examples, like recycling, sustainable travel and eating habits?
  • Have you got experience in research projects, teamwork and time management? This could be in school group projects, or in a part-time job.
  • Do you like maths, problem-solving and looking at the big picture? You'd need to be able to confidently talk about the impact this sort of subject could have and why this would appeal to you.

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